The Golghar or Gol Ghar is one of the most prominent attractions in Patna, the capital city of Bihar state. It is located on the west side of the Gandhi Maidan in Patna. The literal meaning of the term is ‘round house’ and this is what the tourists too feel when they see this tourist attraction that has a round shape.
Though called ‘round house’, Golghar is not a house but a huge granary. It was built by Captain John Garstin, in the year 1786 with the purpose of using it as a granary to store grains for the British. This 29 m tall building remained the tallest building in the area for a long while till other taller buildings were built.
Unique Architecture and Structural Excellence of Golghar
The single dome structure of the Golghar itself is an architectural wonder. While i0ts base is 125 m wide, walls are 3.6 m thick. Steps are made on granary’s each sides, providing it a unique spiral shape. These steps – 145 steps on both sides, lead to the top of the building, from where one can see the entire city and the river Ganga that flows smoothly or stands stagnant.
Stupa architecture is followed to construct the building that is 29 m tall. The spiral shape of the steps was meant to facilitate easy loading of grains. As one step is open to the other, the coolies could move in a line carrying grains through the first step and return through the other without disturbing the other coolies.
Having steps on either side, the coolies could ascend and descend with ease without having much trouble. While the spiral shaped steps display architectural excellence, the doors of Golghar display an architectural fault on the other side. Doors, opening inside, never let the grain to be filled to the fullest or maximum. If the grain is filled full, the doors will not open.
How to reach Golghar
Nearest Railway station: Patna Junction Railway station – 3.1 km away
Nearest Airport: Patna Airport –approximately 7.5 km away